D.C. Circuit

An Empirical Analysis of the Establishment of Independent Agencies

A divided government may not fully explain the creation of agencies not directly controllable by the President.

Are Independent Agencies Really Independent?

A federal court ruling revives questions about the insulation of independent agencies.

A Libertarian Bias in the D.C. Circuit’s Administrative Law

Scholars say the Supreme Court should rebuke the lower court’s ideologically influenced decisions.